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What are the Surgical Treatments of Periodontitis

Posted on 8/21/2023 by Evan
What are the Surgical Treatments of PeriodontitisPeriodontitis is a dental condition caused by the build-up of plaque and tartar on and below the gum line. There are non-surgical and surgical treatments for periodontitis. Surgical treatment is done after bone loss, gum recession, and where the tooth becomes loose.

Pocket Reduction Surgery

This is also called flap surgery. It is a surgical treatment that involves cutting the gums carefully and lifting the tissue back. The opened-up pockets are cleaned to remove debris and bacteria. Afterward, the gums are folded back over the roots and stitched into place.

Bone Grafting

Another surgical treatment for periodontitis is bone grafting. This procedure is used when periodontitis has become so severe that it has destroyed the bone holding the tooth root in place. The bone used for bone grafting is harvested from another part of your body, or a donor or an artificial bone is placed in the destroyed area to prevent tooth loss. Additionally, it allows the regrowth of the patient's destroyed bone.

Guided Tissue Regeneration

Guided tissue regeneration is a surgical treatment that promotes bone regeneration. An artificial membrane isolates the area from other tissues surrounding it. This is done to localize the healing area by preventing gum tissue from healing over it.

Dental Implants

Dental implants are artificial teeth made of strong material surgically screwed into the jawbone. Dental implants are placed in cases of tooth loss. They are a permanent solution to improve the appearance and restore the structure.

Soft Tissue Graft

This is a procedure used to replace damaged gum tissue. When bacteria affects the gums, the gum line lowers, exposing tooth roots. A soft tissue graft, therefore, becomes necessary. It is done by harvesting soft tissue from elsewhere in the body, like the roof of the mouth, and attaching it to the receded part of the gum. This prevents further gum recession. It also conceals the exposed roots.

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